““Women heads of household consist of women-headed households (17.3%) and female breadwinners in male-headed households or FMHH (5.8%)” (SPKBK - PEKKA 2012)"
Since PEKKA was founded over 13 years ago, we have staunchly maintained that the number of women household heads are much higher than official figures released by the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) which at the time showed that 13% of households are headed by women. This analysis is principally based on PEKKA’s direct field observations. We are fully aware that this may not be compelling evidence as PEKKA works within a limited territorial scope given Indonesia’s vastness. By the end of 2011, we were eventually afforded with the opportunity to conduct a poverty monitoring and evaluation exercise by launching a study known as SPKBK (community-based welfare monitoring system). This census was carried out in 111 villages under PEKKA’s facilitation to look into different aspects relating to women heads of household, including in terms of numbers, profile and poverty level. Towards the end of 2013, results from SPKBK-PEKKA were discussed openly with stakeholders, including the government at various levels, and PEKKA communities.